Ekhard E. Ziegler

_zieglerEkhard E. Ziegler, MD
Medical Doctor, University of Innsbruck (Austria)
Pediatrician, University of Innsbruck (Austria)
Pediatrician Clinical Nutrition, University of Iowa
Post doc Pharmacology, University of  Innsbruck
Professor of Pediatrics, University of Iowa

Director of Fomon Unit, Children´s Hospital of Iowa


  • Neonatal medicine
  • Nutritional management of term and preterm infants


  • Nutrition of preterm infants
  • Nutrition and growth of term infants.
  • Iron metabolism, iron nutrition
    Absorption and retention of zinc, iron and other minerals
  • Use of breast milk for premature infants

    1. Jiang T., Jeter, J., Nelson, S., and Ziegler, E.: Intestinal blood loss during cow milk feeding in older infants. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 154:673-678, 2000.
    2. Fomon, S.J., Ziegler, E.E., Serfass, R.E., Nelson, S.E., Rogers, R.R. et al.: Less than 80% of absorbed iron is promptly incorporated into erythrocytes of infants. J. Nutr. 130:45-52, 2000.
    3. Fomon, S.J., Ekstrand, J., and Ziegler, E.E. Fluoride intake and prevalence of dental fluorosis. Trends in fluoride intake with special attention to infants. J Public Health Dent 60:131-139, 2000.
    4. Fomon, S.J., Ziegler, E.E., and Nelson, S.E.: Retention of iron by infants. Ann. Rev. Nutr.  20:273-290, 2000.
    5. Davidsson, L., Ziegler, E.E., Kastenmayer, P., and Hurrell, R.F. Erythrocyte incorporation of iron by infants: iron bioavailability from a low iron infant formula and an evaluation of the usefulness of correcting erythrocyte incorporation values, using a reference dose or plasma ferritin concentrations. Br J Nutr. 84:847-853, 2000.
    6. Carver, J.D., Wu, P.Y.K., Hall, R.T., Ziegler, E.E., Sosa, R., Jacobs, J., Baggs, G., Lloyd, B., and Auestad, N.: Growth of preterm infants fed nutrient enriched or term formula after hospital discharge. Pediatrics 107:683-689, 2001.
    7. Jiang, T., Suarez, F.L., Levitt, MD, Nelson, S.E., and Ziegler, E.E.: Gas production by feces of infants. J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr. 32:534-541, 2001.
    8. Ziegler, E.E., Carlson, S.J.: Ernährung des Frühgeborenen in denUSA. Monatsschr Kinderheilkd, 149:S33-S37, 2001.
    9. Ziegler, E.E. Breast-milk fortification. Acta Paediat. 90:1-4,2001.
    10. Strom, B.L., Schinnar, R., Ziegler, E.E., Barnhart, K.T., Sammel, MD, Macones, G.A., Stallings, V.A., Drulis, J.M., Nelson, S.E., Hanson, S.A. Exposure to soy-based formula in infancy and endocrinological and reproductive outcomes in young adulthood. JAMA, 286:807-814, 2001.
    11. Vasquez, E., Santos, I., Nelson, S.E., Ziegler, E.E., Rogers, R.R., Janghorbani, M., and Fomon, S.J.: Iron absorption during recovery from malnutrition. J. Am. Coll. Nutr., 20:286-292,2001.
    12. Ziegler, E.E.: Protein requirements in infancy. In: Räihä, N.C.R. and Rubaltelli, F. (eds.): Infant Formula: Closer to the Reference. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins,Philadelphia,PA., p. 97-110, 2001.
    13. Van Dael, P., Davidsson, L., Ziegler, E.E., Fay, L.B., and Barclay, D. Comparison of selenite and selenate apparent absorption and retention in infants using stable isotope methodology. Pediatr Res 51:71-75, 2002.
    14. Friel, J.K., Widness, J.A., Jiang, T.J., Belkhode, S.L., Rebouche, C.J., Ziegler, E.E. Antioxidant status and oxidant stress may be associated with vitamin E intakes in very low birth weight infants during the first month of life. Nutrition Research 22:55-64, 2002.
    15. Ziegler, E.E., Thureen, P.J., Carlson, S.J. Aggressive nutrition of the very low birthweight infant. Clin Perinatol 29:1-20, 2002.
    16. Fomon, S.J., Drulis, J.M., Nelson, S.E., Serfass, R.E., Woodhead, J.C., and Ziegler, E.E. Inevitable iron loss by human adolescents, with calculations of the requirement for absorbed iron. J Nutr 133:167-172, 2003.
    17. Ziegler, E.E., Fomon, S.J., and Carlson, S.J.: The Term Infant. In: Walker, W.A., Watkins, J., Duggan, C. (eds.): Nutrition in Pediatrics. Basic Science in Clinical Applications. B C Decker,Hamilton, Ont., p. 515-527, 2003.
    18. Ziegler, E.E., Jeter, J.J., Drulis, J.M., Nelson, S.E., Haschke, F., Steenhout, P., Brown, C., Maire, J-C., Hager, C. Formula with reduced content of improved, partially hydrolyzed protein and probiotics: infant growth and health. Monatsschr Kinderheilkd 151:S65-S71, 2003.
    19. Davidsson, L., Ziegler, E.E., Kastenmayer, P., van Dael, P., and Barclay, D. Dephytinisation of soyabean protein isolate with low native phytic acid content has limited impact on mineral and trace element absorption in healthy infants. Br J Nutr 91:287-293, 2004.